If you’re planning on obtaining roofing services for your home or business, it’s important to understand the common roofing terms and phrases you may hear during your roofing project. Browse our roofing glossary below to learn more. 

Downspouts

Vertical pipes connected to your roof’s gutters that direct rainfall from the gutters to the ground.

Drip Edge

Metal flashing located on the edges of a roof, designed to keep water away from the fascia & other roof components.

Eaves

Are the underside of your roof that overhangs and helps to protect your home’s siding and foundation. There are 3 common types of eaves:

  1. Closed eaves

    Overhang that is closed with a soffit 

  2. Open eaves

    Overhang that is not equipped with a soffit, i.e. you can directly see the rafters 

  3. Boxed eaves

    Overhang that is enclosed by soffits and molding and conceals the rafters 

Fascia

Boards found on a roof’s overhang that help hold up your gutters and support your shingles.

Flashing

A layer of waterproof material on your roof that prevents water leaks by directing the flow down the roof and into your gutter system. There are several different types of flashing, including:

  • Counter flashing 
  • Base flashing  
  • Step flashing 
  • Continuous flashing

Gutter

A trough that’s placed on the perimeter of a roof and works to collect and discharge rainwater from your roof to the ground.

Gutter Guards

Gutter coverings that are designed to catch debris on your roof.

Ice Dam

A ridge of ice typically found on the edge of your roof that occurs when snow keeps thawing and refreezing, preventing melting snow from properly draining off the roof. Can lead to damaged gutters, walls, insulation, etc.

Rafters

Are long wood boards used to frame a roof.

Rake

The outer part of a gable roof and covers a roof’s top edge, it refers to the sloped sides at the end of a gable.

Roofing Underlayment

Is installed directly on your roof deck and acts as a barrier to protect your roof from the elements. There are three main types: felt, self-adhered, and synthetic.

Soffits

Are the exposed siding beneath a roof’s overhang (eaves) that help with your home’s ventilation between the roof and the attic.

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